Consequent upon the International Court of Justice judgment of 10th October 2002 in the suit between Nigeria and Cameroon over the border dispute, there was a Tripartite Summit in Geneva on November 15th 2002 between former Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo, President Paul Biya of Cameroon, and Mr. Kofi Annan, the then United Nations Secretary General. The said meeting resulted in the setting up of the Nigeria/Cameroon Mixed Commission and a decision was reached that Nigeria/Cameroon should embark on a Multi-national Highway & Transport Facilitation Programme to effectively link Nigeria and Cameroon. The Programme is therefore part of the confidence building measures aimed at improving relations between Nigeria and Cameroon through the facilitation of movement of people, goods and services between both countries.
Following the agreement reached, Nigeria received a loan of $116.6million or N18.5billion from the African Development Fund (an arm of the African Development Bank (AfDB) while Cameroon received USD 148.6million under the joint or single loan arrangement. The Federal Government of Nigeria is to contribute a counterpart fund amounting to N3.5billion.
COMPOSITION OF PROGRAMME ON NIGERIAN SIDE:
- Reconstruction of the Abakaliki-Mbok (Ogoja Junction) Road Section of Route 25 (Lot 1) – 86 km and Pavement Strengthening of Ikom-Mfum-Cameroon Border Road Section of Route 90 (Lot 2) - 23km.
- Construction and Rehabilitation of social infrastructures such as Market, Boreholes, schools agricultural produce processing equipment and that will enhance the lively hood and create job opportunities to the communities along the corridor.
- Supply and Installation of axle-load control stations (axle-load) along the corridor.
- Construction and equipment of the common border checkpoint (Joint Border Post ) at Mfum border in Cross River
- Training and sensitization to STI-HIV/AIDS, malaria and road safety and environmental protection along the corridor.
- Support to the programme implementation monitoring unit and for the operating costs of the Steering Committee and the Joint Committee (JTC).
- Procurement of consultancy services for monitoring-assessment of socioeconomic impacts for accounting and financial auditing of the programme